Expected maternity leave of 13 developed countries

Childbirth is the most difficult period in a woman’s life. The mother needs rest, care and support in a way she never needed before. Newborns should also be cared for and require proper food and sanitary measures. Moreover, fathers also play an important supporting role in this difficult time of the woman. Therefore, it can be said that maternity leave and social benefits for fathers and mothers of the postnatal period are extremely important.

1. Sweden: Children under eight years old, parents are reduced by ¼ of their working time

In this Nordic country, maternity leave can last up to several years and is distributed to both parents. Pregnant women can stay at home seven weeks prior to birth. From the time the child was born to being 1.5 years old, parents were given parental leave. Before the child reaches 8 years old or finishes primary school, parents can get a quarter of their working time off. For example, every 8 hours of work, parents whose children work only 6 hours.


However, employers do not pay salaries to employees during maternity leave, but are primarily based on government subsidies. From the time the child is born to eight years old, both parents can receive 480 days of benefits, which is equivalent to 80% of their actual earnings before the break. Some recruiters who want to retain talent are still willing to pay part of the salary for maternity leave.

2. Denmark: Parents are entitled to a one-year leave

Each couple at birth will have a total of one year off. In particular, the maternity leave is 18 weeks, the fathers are 2 weeks, and the remaining 32 weeks will be distributed to both parents.

The government will pay a portion of their salaries depending on the specific job. For example, manual workers receive about 90% of their wages while others may receive about 50% of their prenatal income.

3. Singapore: The government paid wages for husband to help the wife after the birth

In Singapore, from 2013, the husband can take a paid week off to help his wife. If the wife is willing to share a week of maternity leave for her husband’s four months of maternity leave, the husband may receive another week off. The husband’s two-week leave will be paid by the government. The highest amount per week is about 38 million VND.

The first two deliveries can receive 8 weeks of maternity support from the government, giving birth to a third child or more can receive 16 weeks of maternity benefit.

4. Korea: Business owners who violate the maternity regime may face up to two years in prison

Under the new Korean law of July 2014, twins or multiple pregnancies can take maternity leave from 90 days to 120 days. According to statistics, the rate of twins, multiple births in Korea in 2002 was 1.98% and in 2012 the rate was up to 3.23%. Any business owner who violates this provision will be fined up to 2 years in prison and the maximum penalty is 10 million won, equivalent to 187 million VND.

In 120 days of maternity leave, the 75-day allowance is paid by the business, the remaining 45 days are paid by the government at the rate of 100% of the normal wage.

5. France: Both parent can take maternity leave

Mothers in France have very maternity beneficiaries. At birth, women will receive 16 weeks of maternity leave at 100% of their wages. While the fathers also take 11 consecutive days off.


In addition, the mother is entitled to a leave of absence and a three-year job and income account for home care, child care and other generous benefits, and during this time the employer can not dismiss women who are on maternity leave.

6. Netherlands: Provides 100% wages and additional leave until the child is 8 years old

Maternity leave in the Netherlands is 16 weeks with 100% of the salary. In addition, couples can choose to take an additional 26 weeks of unpaid parental leave until their 8th birthday.

7. Germany: Until children are 3 years old, parents can take a break from home

Germans said that the first three years of the child very much need to have parents. Parent should spend more time with the children. Therefore, before children are 3 years of age, parents can take maternity leave. German maternity leave is divided into mother’s maternity leave and maternity leave for both parent, the longest break until the child reaches 3 years of age. Of which, one year is a paid leave.

Maternity leave is approximately 14 weeks: 6 weeks before delivery and 8 weeks after delivery. 6 weeks before the birth, unless the mother agrees, the employer can not ask them to work. Eight weeks after birth, even if a pregnant woman wants to work, she still has to stay at home. In the case of early or multiple births, maternity leave may last up to 12 weeks.

From birth to 3 years old, parents can apply for childcare leave and receive 65% – 67% of their average income before the break, with an average monthly allowance of 300 Euro – 1800 Euros. (about 6.8 million VND – 41 million VND). According to statistics, in 2014, the German government paid €53.7 billion in child support, accounting for 73% of the total budget for the family.

8. Iceland: Parents are entitled to a one-year leave with 80% of their income

Iceland is one of the most privileged countries for mothers. Maternity leave has been in place in the country since the 1970s, and last year a new policy called 5- 2-5 was born.

This policy allows mothers and fathers to take 5 months off each child. For two more months off, two people can agree to split up. In addition, parents have up to 2 years to use this leave and 80% of their income during that time.

9. Norway: Parents are entitled to a total of 46 weeks of leave

At birth, a couple here has a total of 46 weeks of leave with 100% of income or 56 weeks with 80% of income.

10. Canada: Monthly allowance until the child are 18 years old

Women in this country have a 17-week leave at birth, in addition to an additional 35 weeks divided for both parents. All these schemes are subsidized by the government, not private companies.

In addition, the Canadian government provides a monthly allowance to help families raise children under 18.

11. Russia: 140 days of maternity leave, get 100% of salary

The sparse population, lack of labor is always a problem in Russia. Therefore, the maternity regime of this country is very favorable for women to give birth more favorable.

Under the current Russian law, women can receive three types of maternity leave: 100% of wages, 50% of wages and no wages. Of these, 140 days are entitled to 100% wages, including 70 days before birth and 70 days after birth. This time, the company must pay full wages to women. In case of twin  or multiple pregnancy, maternity leave will increase accordingly. After the leave is paid 100% of the salary, the woman can continue to take leave 50% of the salary, until the child is 1.5 years old.

During this time, mother can receive a subsidy equal to 40% of the initial salary, which is paid by the National Social Security Fund. After the child is 1.5 years old, if mother still wants to stay at home, the mother can continue unpaid leave until the child is 3 years old, the employer still has to retain the mother’s position. Russia does not have a separate rule for the child’s father, but if in some cases the mother does not take maternity leave, the guardian of the child can receive three forms of maternity leave.

12. England: Husband can replace wife to have… maternity leave

In the UK, pregnant women can stay for 26 weeks, regardless of full-time or part-time work. The father can take 2 weeks off work, the first week of basic pay, the second week of government subsidies.However, the father is required to take leave during the period from birth to 56 days, the expiration date will no longer valid.

If the mother does not rest after the maternity leave has gone to work again, the father can continue to rest. Many studies have shown that children who receive parental care are more intelligent and healthy.

13. Finland: Every mother and infant are given a very meaningful gift box

Finnish women can stay 7 weeks before the date of birth. After that, the government will provide a 16-week grant to pregnant women, whether they are students, unemployed or own business.

After the child reaches 3 years of age, the parent may also be entitled to leave home to take care of his / her child, provided that the family and work arrangements are reasonable. This will be extended until the child starts second grade.

Each mother giving birth also received a gift box for mothers and babies (Äitipakkaus) beginning in 1937 to help low-income mothers and many newborns dying because of difficult economic conditions.

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